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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 8, No. 6, December 1916"

A Ramble in the Volcan Country 

Garden Walks 
Rare Winter Blooming Begonias 

The Mysterious Mistletoe 
Monthly Exposition Excursion 



J 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



IN YOUR OWN HOME— 

Your valuable papers or jewelry may be lost 
to you tomorrow. Fire or theft may sweep 
them away forever. Be on the safe side and 

Own a Safe Deposit Box at the 
Southern TrusT: & Savings Bank<JiK£S22fr 



The PUEBLA AVOCADO 

fruits at two years, is prolific, hardy 
ff thick skin" of medium size, and 
ripens in Dec, Jan. & Feb. It is the 
only commercial variety we know of that 

j Y I ts time of ripening makes it a really Y 

aOeS* ([necessary addition to your garden. J 

CL We have a limited number of field grown 
trees now on sale on "future delivery" orders. 

—SI. 00 down per tree, balance at time of delivery. 

West India Gardens ^SSStSSSSSr 

F. O. Popenoe, President 



®ljr lEltt? printing Crnnn ang 

m i i i r i r= »= i n 

&erttn ®niMtfg-3>mn IE Attest 
g»an Itego, Qkltforota 

farttrular 
rintera 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 




The Thoughtful Chri&mas LisA 
Will Include Some of These- 



Rookwood Pottery 
Paul Elder Books — especially the Exposition Series. 
Taylor Surf and Seagull Studies. 
Other Taylor Studies of Scenic Southern California. 
A Kodak. Desk sets, candlesticks, bowls and other articles of 

California laurel, redwood burl and Philippine mahogany. 
Hand-tooled art leather bags, purses, book covers, etc. 
Handsome painted wicker baskets and trays in wonderful colorings. 
Scores of dainty and useful little gifts that are new and fascinating. 

"A Gift from Taylor s is a Gift Indeed" 

HAROLD A. TAYLOR COMPANY 

1139 Sixth Street, San Diego, and Hotel del Coronado 





Electric Porch Lighting 

Is Economical Protection 



Lighting up the front porch steps 
and walks will prevent many a mis- 
step in the dark. 

It welcomes visiting friends and re- 
assures the householder when he re- 
turns after a few hours' absence. 

It is the best burglar insurance you 
can buy. 

The reduced rates for electric light 
make the monthly cost range from 30c 
to 55c for 25 Watt Mazda Lamp. 



1 



Porch lighting is an evidence 
of community spirit 

Try it as an experiment 



San Diego Consolidated Gas 
and Electric Company 

935 Sixth Street 

Home 411Q Sunset Main 64 



The 



FLOWER 
SHOP 




Miss Rain ford 



1115 Fourth Su 






CALIFORNIA GARDEN 




Corner of Fifth and F Sts. 



4% Interest on Term Savings 
Safety Deposit Boxes, $2.00 per year 
Foreign Exchange 
Mexican Money Bought and Sold 



W. S. Dorland, President 

Sam Ferry Smith, Vice-President 

O. E. Darnall, Cashier 



Merchants 
National Bank 

of San Diego 

Granger Block, Cor. Fifth and D Sts. 



Capital (Fully-paid) 

Surplus and Profits (All earned) 



$100,000.00 
625,000.00 



Twenty-three years of successful 
business has enabled this bank to 
accumulate and set aside a fund of 
over half a million dollars for the 
protection of its depositors. It is 
the largest fundheld by any bank- 
ing institution in the City of San 
Diego. 

Every accommodation consistent with good banking 
extended our customers 



RALPH GRANGER, President 
A. H. FROST, Vice-President 
W. R. ROGERS, Cashier 

H. E. ANTHONY, Assistant Cashier 



INSECT RIDDER 

is a device which holds a soap-like tablet and arranged so as to fasten to any hydrant. 
To the outlet of this device is attached the garden hose, and the water pressure grad- 
ually dissolves the tablet. This mixture is what destroys the worms, slugs and insects. 

Careful experiments during the past two years have shown that a Ridder used 
consistently and regularly will promote a luxuriant and healthy growth of sod on 
any lawn. It is a natural fertilizer. 

658 Fmh street San Diego Hardware Co 



Christmas Gifts 



Choice Ferns, Begonias, 
Cyclamen and Christmas 

Trees. A carload of fancy 

ornamental Nursery Stock 
just arrived at our Sales Yard, Twelfth and Broadway. Order your Fruit 
Trees and Rose Bushes NOW. Our stock is arriving daily. We will 
have seventy varieties of Roses, including praftically all the best of the latest 
introductions. 

HARRIS SEED CO. 



JThe SAN DIEGO SEED STOREY 



824 F St., Between 8th and 9th Sts./ 

Sales Yards at Twelfth and Broadway 



The California Garden 

Published Monthly by the San Diego Floral Association 

One Dollar per Year, Ten Cents per Copy 



Vol. 8 



POINT LOMA, CALIFORNIA, DECEMBER, 1916 



No. 6 



Who said Hatfield ! Morena ! Dam ! What ! 




TIHE Saturday Evening Post is full 
of pleasant surprises, but we never 
expected it to obtain for our delec- 
tation The Confessions of a Real 
Estate man, yet that is what it has just 
dished up under the title of "Not Every 
Man's Game.' True the penitent was not 
much of a real estater and we have had 
hundreds, now working", who could have 
relieved him of his wad before breakfast 
time; still it is refreshing to find him in 
print naively complaining in detail of how 
he failed to collect a full sized commission 
from both sides in one of his trades. We 
knew this was done, but thought it was 
sort of sub rosa. 

We introduced this gentleman to you be- 
cause the things that are, or will be, or 
should be happening to real estate in San 
Diego begin again to employ the ready pen 
of the filler of space. One of these saith, 
' ' There has not yet been a marked increase 
in the price of real estate.' Thank God, 
No ! It is plenty high enough for a long 
time yet and it is debateable whether we 
would not move along faster if it suffered 
some decrease. Most of our values were 
based upon "what you could get for it' 
and they still are there though the time of 
the getting is postponed. It should cause 
serious thought that over 260,000 voters in 
California were on the side of Single Tax. 
We were not among them chiefly because 
we can't see how it could be equitably ap- 
plied upon purely sentimental values, 
which is the basis of our present tax sys- 
tem, or the assessment anyhow. We own 
ten acres assessed by the city at $1450 per 
acre upon which no man could make a liv- 
ing and pay the taxes and water. Presum- 
ably this valuation is based upon its desir- 
ability as a residence site which on further 
analysis means there are more people than 
ourselves who desire it above that price. 
Would Single Tax add the last straw that 
crave the camel the hump or as its slogan 
is " Everything: comes from the Land." 
would it say this ten acres produces noth- 
ing, therefore it is not worth taxing. We 



don't pretend to see a remedy for this as- 
sessment of the sentiment in locations, but 
Ave fully believe that cheap, not expensive, 
real estate is the foundation of real growth 
and though we have some of it for sale we 
do not wish to see present values boosted 
upon the first appearance of activity in the 
market. There is a lot of beautiful out-of- 
doors within our city limits and we want 
to make it real easy for folks from away, 
to locate here and enjoy it with us. The 
national government concerns itself with 
the high price of eatables, perhaps some 
day it will tackle a real job and inquire 
into the whys and wherefores of real estate 
prices, and we don't say Single Tax may 
not be the great adjuster that is coming. 




Y grace of the printer this may be 
served up to you before Christmas 
and while the spirit of goodwill 
which most every one feels at that 
season is upon you we desire to call your 
attention to the California Garden, not as 
an applicant for your bounty, but as de- 
serving of your grace as one of your family. 
We do not propose to humilitate ourselves 
by rehearsing our schedule of merit, but 
will state that this little magazine circulat- 
ing as it does at home and abroad is a 
binding force among those who love gardens 
and the things that grow therein; a force 
that exercises an influence to be obtained 
in no other way. We emphatically assert 
our belief that no literature has ever gone 
out of San Diego that gave so good and 
honest an impression of the livability of 
our city as California Garden. Its influence 
in this direction is multiplied an hundred 
fold by the fact that it is not written for 
outside distribution and we feel that there 
is little of self interest in suggesting that 
San Diegans send a yearly subscription for 
Christmas to some friend back East. Don't 
imagine that you can escape by saying ' * Oh 
it is no use back there, their climate is so 
different," for many of the most enthusi- 
astic readers live all the way to New York 
and even over to England. Further, don't 
think you are doing us personally a favor 
we feel in this suggestion the shoe is on the 
other foot. 




ATURE, like mankind, has many 
moods, but unlike mankind every 
one of these moods is so filled with 
life and strength and beauty that to 
ciose means that some part of its vitality 
is going to flow in our veins unless we are 
very dead indeed. 

Just now as I write I look out upon a wet 
world. The clouds have settled upon the 
ground, shutting off the view to all but a few 
hundred yards; the somber dried grass is 
dull with dampness, the trees shaken by sud- 
den gusts, rain down big drops; everything 
droops with the weight of rain. But presto, 
look again with seeing eyes. The Indian 
Cedar in the yard sways gently, at the tip of 
each fascicled needle there hangs a glisten- 
ing jewel; the soft brown of the pasture is 
punctuated by black fence posts along the 
road side. In the misty distance rise the 
great shadowy forms of heavy foliaged live 
oaks, the grotesque crooked branches of the 
apple orchard, and over all a soft benediction 
from the clouds, reviving a parched earth 
making it ready to answer the call of Spring. 

But I must tell of something I saw several 
evenings ago, when the sun was shining. I 
had been meandering up a miniature valley 
in search of any wild plant that might be 
obliging enough to show bloom, and I'll re- 
port my findings along this line, but just now 
I must tell about a picture of nature that I 
saw when the top of the ridge had been 
gained. The sun was just about going down, 
the east wind had been in the air during the 
day and everything to the east was clear cut 
and magnified. The west was hazy, over the 
ocean and San Diego was a heavy mass of fog, 
and it was cold looking, too. Pretty soon 
things commenced to change, old Sol got out 
his colors and quietly went to work. In a 
few minutes the haze was transformed to a 
golden veil. The top and sides of every peak 
and mountain to the north and east and south 
was turned from cold blue to warm pink; 
long shadows punctuated it, deep green val- 
leys contrasted it, every tree and shrub near 
me seemed filled with the color laden air. 
Off towards the ocean innumerable ridges ap- 
peared where earlier in the day was merely a 
single jumble of tumbled hills. They seemed 
to expand in that golden haze, thev fairly 
reveled and bathed in its beauty. The fog 
over the ocean was transformed into a silver 
crested billowy sea. The sun was just begin- 
ning to dip into it, then it seemed to poise on 
the surface, a veritable throne of glory, ra- 
diating beauty and wealth to every high place 
in nature. It didn't touch the lowlands, nor 
the cities where multitudes dwell, but it 



hlV] pgfepT] [gjS^U] p^sSSHTT freCS^ 

poured its warmth on the peaks that reach 
skyward. No wonder John Muir said, "Climb 
the mountains and get their good tidings; na- 
ture's peace will flow into you as the sunshine 
flows into trees," etc. To get these good thins 
you see it requires climbing on our part. I 
faced Volcan, just across a great canyon he 
towered, majestic in his quiet pose, yet with 
certain animation as the golden rays bathed 
his expansive slopes and wooded canyons in 
that wonderful light. 

I recognized him as a giant of old resting 
after herculean labors, proud of his foothills 
and valleys and forest filled canyons, drink- 
ing in the sunshine of summer, the rain and 
snow of winter, and laughing with devilish 
glee as the icy storms howled about him. Well 
it began to get dark before I could pull my- 
self away, so I hurried back to my abode be- 
low, but with something I couldn't lose. 

After supper I looked over some of my 
plant specimens that I had gathered. Who 
said it was the last of November! I found 
one Evening Primrose, Oenothera grandi- 
flora; a swamp Monkey Flower, Mimulus 
lutens; and in several places Wild Fuchsias, 
Zauschneria Californica. Others in my collec- 
tion consisted of four rock ferns, one of 
which I had never seen outside the covers of 
a book. Another was a gold back fern, Gym- 
nogramme triangularis. Only the silver back 
fern grows about San Diego. Sweet Cicely, a 
decorative leaved plant with fleshy roots 
called "Squaw Root" about here, because in 
the old days a squaw saved the life of a white 
woman with it. Grindelia, a composite com- 
monly known as gum plant, and called Au- 
gust flower in these parts, and it is "fuller" 
of odor than a drug store, the flowers still 
heralding its medicinal powers. Well I 
might go on indefinitely for every day I find 
something new, but this is enough to show 
disbelievers that even November and Decem- 
ber in the mountains have their mecca spots 
for the plant lover. 

I think it was Mrs. Browning who said, 
"Earth's crammed with heaven, and every 
common bush afire with God, but only he who 
sees takes off his shoes, the rest sit around 
blackberries." Oh! for more of 
of seeing. 



and 
this 



pluck 
power 




1 



Si 



E 





imfer Bmommg: IB 



By Mrs. Frank Waite 




m^mm 



[5257] PT 




NE of the most beautiful and best 
known begonias of the winter bloom- 
ing class, is the Gloire de Lorraine, 
of French origin. It is a general 
favorite with the trade, as its attractiveness 
is such that the florists find ready sale for it 
at Christmas time at rather startling prices, 
that is startling to the one who has just pur- 
chased a begonia for twenty-five or thirty 
cents, or to the one who has experienced the 
joy of potting a beautiful begonia grown in 
a few months from a slip. The high prices 
asked for this class of begonias is due pri- 
marily to the difficulty of its propagation. It 
is not a seed producer, as its flowers are al- 
most entirely male, and therefore propagation 
must be by cuttings, division of the roots, or 
by the very slow process of rooting the leaves. 

The foliage of Begonia de Lorraine is a 
pure green, the leaves being nearly regular 
in shape, and small in size. In growth the 
plant is low and symmetrical. It is, in fact, a 
bouquet of green and deep rose pink, the 
broad panicles of blooms, which are large, 
standing out from the green foliage most ef- 
fectively. For those having glass houses Gloire 
de Lorraine will prove very satisfactory and 
be a most charming addition to a begonia 
collection, bearing as it does its large pink 
blossoms during the winter months. How- 
ever, it cannot be recommended for the lath 
house even in sunny San Diego, where the 
winter nights are too cool for its heat-loving 
comfort. 

It is not strange that this begonia and 
others of its class love the heat of a glass 
house when we consider their parentage. One 
of the parents of Gloire de Lorraine comes 
from the island of Socotra, in the Indian 
ocean, south of Arabia. Science named that 
parent Socotrana, in honor of its birthplace. 
Socotra is a burning, hot, sandy island, which 
is a strange environment, indeed, for a be- 
gonia, and, with the exception of the heat is 
just the opposite of what most begonias re- 
quire. Socotrana, which was discovered by 
Alexander Scott, a gardener who accompanied 
an expedition to the island, sent out by the 
Geographical Society of London, is a semi- 
tuberous begonia. Dr. J. B. Balfour pre- 
sented the tubers to the Kew Gardens in 
1880. 

This semi-tuberous parent of Gloire de 
Lorraine has a stout succulent stem with lit- 
tle growths at the base resembling small 
bnlblets. The leaves are dark green, (or- 
bicular, peltate, as a botanist would describe 
them.) but in plain every-day speech the 
leaves are almost round and resemble those 



of the water lily. They are from four to 
seven inches across. The flowers are held 
well above the foliage and are a bright rose 
in color. 

The introduction of Socotrana to civiliza- 
tion and cultivation has produced wonderful 
results, as it is readily crossed with other be- 
gonias, making an entirely new class of great 
beauty, although somewhat difficult of cul- 
ture. 

One of the children of Socotrana crossed 
with Roezlii is Triomph de Lemoine, bearing 
rose colored blossoms growing from the axils 
of the leaves and as its growth is branching 
it resembles a beautiful bouquet when in 
bloom. One of its peculiarities is that it re- 
tains its flowers after they are withered. 

Another child is Triomph de Nancy, and is 
one in which I am very much interested be- 
cause of its unusual color in the fibrous 
rooted section. It is said to be a rich yellow 
in the center, with a lighter shade of yellow 
in the outside petals, and is double in form. 
It was introduced by Lemoine in 1888. It 
is to be understood that yellow in all shades 
is plentiful among the summer tuberous 
class of begonias, but is very rare among the 
fibrous rooted class. I have now blooming 
for the first time begonia Dichora, which has 
yellow blossoms. In bud it is a beautiful or- 
ange yellow, and I sincerely wish the plant 
were not so delicate in growth. This is the 
only yellow flowered begonia I know of in 
this class with the exception of the hybrid 
Triomph de Nancy. 

Begonia John Heal is another derivative 
of Socotrana. This begonia is interesting be- 
cause it has advanced a step in the direction 
we begonia enthusiasts so much desire. By 
a cross between John Heal and a summer tu- 
berous begonia there has been produced the 
begonia Adonis, which is much more robust 
than any others of this class. Furthermore 
the flowers of Adonis are twice as large as 
are those of John Heal. Adonis has appar- 
ently taken the large size of flowers from the 
tuberous plant. It is said the single blos- 
soms are three inches in diameter, and the 
color is soft rose. 

Begonia Winter Gem is another begonia that 
combines the character of Begonia Socotrana 
and a crimson tuberous variety, taking the 
size of blossom and the color from the tu- 
berous begonia. Begonia Julia is also from 
Socotrana and a tuberous variety. This plant 
is very similar to a double tuberous begonia, 
with its blossoms of salmon pink. 

All these begonias require more heat than 
can be given them in a lath house, but as 



6 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



many glass houses are appearing in connec- 
tion with San Diego lath- houses I hope these 
rare plants will find an abiding place in many 
of our begonia collections. 

To return to Gloire de Lorraine, its other 
parent, Begonia Dregii is not, as is sometimes 
affirmed, a semper-florens variety, but is an 
interesting semi-tuberous begonia much like 
the Weltoniensis type, with the fleshy globu- 
lar root stock. A good example is seen in the 
well known begonia McBethii. Dregii does 
not make a tall growth. Its leaves are thin, 
small and paper like, and in color green with 
a red tinge underneath, with deeply serrated 
margin. It comes from the Cape of Good 



Hope, and is of course, a species. It is bur- 
dened with many names, , such as Begonia 
Caffra, and Begonia Parifolia, and Begonia 
Reniformis. 

Although Begonia Socotrana is semi-tuber- 
ous, and Begonia Dregii has fles'hy tuber-like 
roots, the offspring, Gloire de Lorraine, does 
not show either form, but the base of the^ 
stem throws out many shoots, which can be 
separated, and so insure a supply of plants. 
Gloire de Lorraine was introduced by Lemoine 
in 1892. It will soon be making its appear- 
ance in our flower shops, with its entrancing 
combination of flower and foliage. 




THn® Mysterious Mkfa© 



By GUY L. FLEMING 





twig. 



P all plant life the mistletoe can prob- 
ably claim the greatest share of ro- 
mance and mystery. The name is of 
Celtic origin and means "different 
It was applied to this strange para- 
site in the days of long ago when the Druids 
were the lords of all England. Because of its 
habit of growth it was held in great venera- 
tion by them, particularly if found growing 
on an oak, which was a very rare o currence, 
for to them the oak tree was sacred and 
whatever was found growing oa .one they 
regarded as having been placed there by their 
gods and a sign that that tree was divine. 
And it is hinted that the Druid p 1 jests would 
transplant this mystic shrub from the haw- 
thorne or apple trees to the oak. 

About the time of the new year the Druids 
gathered the mistletoe with gieat ceremony. 
We read that — "Five dayu after the new 
moon a grand procession was formed. First 
came the lords, then a herald, who bore the 
golden knife. The priests came next,, with 
the Prince of the Druids following. All were 
clad in white. Then followed the people. 

"When the oak w r as reached on which the 
mistletoe grew, two white bulls were bound 
to the tree, and the Prince, taking the knife 
from the herald, climbed into the tree and 
cut the mistletoe, which was caught in a 'white 
mantle held by the inferior priests. The bulls 
and sometimes even human victims were then 
sacrificed. The mistletoe thus gathered was 
divided among the people, w*io hung the 
sprays over their doors, as a propitiation and 
an offer of shelter to the sylvan deities dur- 
ing the season of frost and cold." 

The early Christians, too, held the mistle- 
toe in great esteem. There is legend that 
this "shrub" was the forbidden tree of thu 



Garden of Eden; and that after causing the 
downfall of mankind it was banished irom 
the Garden and made to lepend for its living 
on other trees. 

There is a tradition that the Cross was 
formed from the mistletoe, which before that 
time was a fine forest tree, but since has been 
doomed to live on other trees, its roots never 
to touch the earth. It was called "Wood of 
the Cross' by early monks, wno chewed chips 
of it or steeped a tea from its bark, and wore 
fragments about their necks as a "cure all." 

Again we read — mistletoe was abandoned 
in the Christmas decking of churches together 
with kissing at services, because both were 
found to set the young ladies and gentlemen 
a-reading the marriage service. Holly was 
substituted to indicate to them the dark mo- 
notony of matrimony, and the numerous 
thorns with which it abounds. But though 
banished from the churches mistletoe and 
kissing still flourished. 

"In the kitchen," says Brand, "it was hung- 
up in great state, and whatever female 
chanced to stand under it, the young man 
present either had a right, or claimed one, 
of saluting her, and of plucking a berry at 
each kiss." 

But the mistletoe did not remain in the 
kitchen. It invaded the parlor and drawing 
room, without, however, reducing the quan- 
tity in the lower regions. 

In England all classes and ages deliver 
themselves up willing victims to long-estab- 
lished customs. 

In many old fashioned houses the elderly 
gentleman, with long waistcoat and frilled 
and ruffled shirt, advances to the object of 
his immediate devotion and makes a low bow. 
The elderly lady rises and achieves a stately 
curtsey. Then the pair walk hand in hand 



CALIFOKNIA GARDEN 



to beneath the mistletoe, and the old gentle- 
man, delicately touches with his not yet with- 
ered lips the cheeks of the elderly lady. Then 
there is another bow and courtesy, and a 
third, when the gentleman conducts the lady 
to her seat. How different is the joyous 
freedom of the younger people! What romp- 
ing, what slight, pretty screaming, what tit- 
tering, what make believe running away, and 
what bold standing under tne mistletoe. The 
small fry are never tired of kissing one an- 
other, while another class of determined 
osculators are the rather scrimp and running- 
to-seed young ladies of thirty-five, who are 
getting desperate, and the jolly, bald-headed 
bachelors, who kiss every girl who comes 
their way." 

Strange to say, the larger part of the mis- 
tletoe sold in England at Xmas comes from 
the apple orchards of Normandy, where it 
has never enjoyed any special significance. 

Most of us think of the mistletoe as this 
shrub of the holiday season, so it is surpris- 
ing to learn that there are more than 600 
members of the family, with representatives 
in all parts of the world. 

The true mistletoe, to which Linneaus gave 
the technical name "Viscum album," is found 
only in western and northern Europe. 

There are many representatives of the 
family in the Western Hemisphere and one 
so closely resembles the original mistletoe 
that it was also called Viscum, with the spe- 
cific name of flavescens. In 1847 Nuttal 
proved it to be of different genera and named 
it Phoradendron (tree thief) fiorescens. This 
mistletoe and its closely related species have 
been invested with all the privileges both 
traditional and oscillatory of the mistletoe 
of the old country. Nearly all of the genera 
are exclusively of the new or old world. And 
it would be interesting to study their origin, 
development as parasites, and distribution 
from a common center. They are thought to 
be of tropical Asiatic origin, and the family 
extends around the earth in the warmer 
zones, reaching well toward the limits of the 
cool temperate latitudes in both hemispheres. 

Their develonment has been progressive. 
At one end of the series we have the Austra- 
lian genus Nuytsia, whose single species is a 
nonparasitic tree. At the other extreme is a 
degenerate, absolute parasite, Phyrgilanthus 
anhyllus, which is found upon a cactus in 
Chili. This plant is said to have neither 
cotyledons or foliage leaves. 

The migration from an original center, 
while not recent, is not of ancient origin in 
our own genera. 

Few fossil remains are found, probably be- 
cause of their fleshv make-un. The oldest 
known is Phoradendron fossiU, of Ecuador, 
which is of the tertiary period. 

Because of its desirability as a Christmas 
shrub, and of its traditional atmosphere, the 
mistletoe is generally held in regard, but 



there are localities, especially in the South- 
west, where it is a pest. 

A sketch of its life history may help in 
making ciear the reason why this plant is so 
destructive to its host. It is a true parasite 
in one sense, for it fastens itself to its host, 
the tree, develops a rootlet, which penetrates 
the bark; this in turn develops other rootlets 
running up and down the bark. These again 
produce "sinkers," roots growing straight 
down into the wood, drawing nourishment 
from the branches, deforming it and sapping 
its vitality. 

But the mistletoe also belongs to the 
higher order of plants for it nas roots, stems, 
foliage and flowers. And as it has leaves, or 
at least green stems, it naturally has an 
abundance of the green pigment called chlor- 
ophyl, which is necessary in plant economy, 
for the assimilation of carbon dioxide from 
the air, and possesses the ability of trans- 
forming inorganic material into living tissue, 
drawing on the host only for water and raw 
food. 

The mistletoes are dioecious, that is, the 
male or staminate flowers are on one plant, 
and the female or pistilate flowers on an- 
other. This accounts for some plants never 
producing berries. 

The Phoradendrons, the mistletoes to 
which we have so far been introduced, as a 
rule have leaves and are generally formed on 
the broad leaved trees. There are exceptions, 
for on the white fir and juniper we find 
"leaved mistletoes," and on the incense cedar, 
juniper, mesquite and other desert shrubs we 
find leafless forms. The berries are round, 
white or pink and contain a seed imbedded in 
a thick sticky liquid. The seeds are distrib- 
uted to a great extent by birds from one tree 
to another, adhere to the bark and germinate. 

The Phoradendrons are light seekers and 
are therefore found growing high in the host 
trees or on the out end of its branches. 

There is another kind of mistletoe very 
common on this coast. It belongs to the 
genus Razamofskya (Arcenthobium) and is 
found only on the conifers, and as the foliage 
of this species is reduced to small scales it is 
dependent on its host for not only water and 
raw food, but the greater part of its elabor- 
ated food as well. So it is readily seen that 
in a tree that was badly infested with this 
parasite the drainage on the host would be 
great and would likely cause the death of the 
affected branches and possibly of the tree. 

Different species of Phorodendron and 
Razamofskya are found on different hosts. 

In California we have at least ten snecies 
of Phorodendron and four of Razamofskya. 
There are five distinct types in Lower Cali- 
fornia, and in San Diego countv I have lo- 
cated seven Phorodendrons, and know of two 
Razamofskya. 

(Continued on Page 16) 





©Mra®mi 



TIhi5f@MgIhi feposffioia Gir©iuiini(d. 




By G. R. GORTON 




ECEMBER is, in many ways, not the 
most attractive month of the year in 
Southern California. In the Exposi- 
tion grounds, as elsewhere, it is a 
period of transition, and many of the plants 
look as tired as probably the exhibitors, con- 
cessionaires and other Exposition people feel 
after the two years of Exposition, which are 
coming to a close. It is the autumn of this 
part of the world, and in a month or so spring 
will begin, and hold forth for a long season 
(we recognize no winter here). Our so-called 
winter is merely a long spring, wherein the 
miracle of resurrection is re-enacted in the 
chaparral on the hillsides, where apparently 
dead ''brush" will burst forth into life and 
the dun-colored canyons don a new attire of 
green — regardless of the much discussed 
H. C. L. (technical term for high cost of liv- 
ing). 

The planting at the Model Farm has stood 
up nobly under the strain, and excites much 
favorable comment, especially from the east- 
ern visitors. The evergreen group which 
has been used on the entrances to the grounds 
surrounding the bungalow, is as always, very 
satisfactory. A conspicuous feature of the 
planting near the southeast corner of the 
bungalow is a large Crataegus in full berry, 
which it quite properly should be. Rambling 
over one corner of the building is our old 
friend Solanum jasminoides of humble origin, 
but justly a favorite in our gardens. 

Around on the south side there is, among 
other things, a group of Columbines. These, 
naturally, are not in flower, so it is impossible 
to say whether or not they are the blue Col- 
umbines of Colorado which were originally 
planted in that spot. It is to be hoped that 
they survived, and when they flower again the 
mystery will be unveiled. On the west side — 
there does not seem to be any rear to the 
model bungalow — (this is intended as a com- 
pliment) is that very good species of Pittos- 
porum — viridiflorum — which is deserving of 
more general planting. Nearby are one or 
two "strawberry trees" (arbutus unedo) a 
graceful Leptospermum which relieves the 
otherwise monotonous effect of a blank wall, 
and around on the north side is a gorgeous 
mass of Cotoneasters bending under their 
weight of bright colored berries. 

Even the poultry yards, and the vicinity 
thereof, have been beautified, and on a trellis 
paralleling the fences is jasminum humile 
while the fence itself is Muehlenbeckia com- 
plexa and Lantana delicatissima. On the 
north boundary of the poultry yards the 



Muehlenbeckia is particularly beautiful, pre- 
senting a soothing and restful appearance, 
the effect of which ought to be particularly 
beneficial to persons from New York, Chicago, 
etc. 

Mention should also be made of a row of 
Feijoa east of the egg factory, as suggesting 
its usefulness as a hedge plant, and apropos 
of this subject, why don't we plant more 
hedges of utilitarian plants — guavas, etc, 
which would at once ornament and produce. 
Of course, it would probably be advisable to 
plant such hedges along the side or rear of 
one's house, away from possible depredations 
by small boys — other people's boys. 

Across the Alameda from the Model Bun- 
galow the citrus grove, aside from what it 
holds of practical demonstration and sugges- 
tion, is of interest to the ornamental plant 
gardener, as furnishing many varieties from 
which to select those suitable for ornamental 
plantings. Certain varieties of orange tanger- 
ine, etc., surely have a place to fill entirely 
from their ornamental value. In his wander- 
ings up and down our country, the writer met 
the other day a man who maintains quite a 
sizable orange grove, for almost the sole rea- 
son that "he liked to look at them," although 
neither he nor his family are particularly fond 
of the fruit for its edible qualities, and he 
doesn't sell any. 

There are a number of little arbors, orna- 
mented with pink Cherokees, Bougainvillea, 
Tecoma capensis, etc., equipped with seats to 
tempt the weary, which add much to the at- 
tractiveness of this model orchard, and of 
course no one visits it who does not pause to 
admire the wonderful show of Cecile Bruners 
along the entire east side. 

It would seem, on the whole, that one of the 
important lessons the entire model farm 
teaches, at least from a landscaping stand- 
point is that a farm does not need to be an 
ugly place, like a coal bunker or an iron 
foundry, just because it, too, is a commercial 
enterprise, but how painfully slow some ranch- 
ers seem to be to grasp this fact. 

And now is the winter of our discontent 
made glorious by the Poinsettias — particular- 
ly in the Botanical Building, where one meets 
them at every turn, and in both houses. In 
the glass house Chatelaine Begonias are in 
their prime, and display remarkable staying 
qualities under trying conditions. There are 
some well grown plants of Primula mala- 
coides in the lath section, which are very at- 
tractive just now. 

In the Gardens of Montezuma the cherries 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



are ripe, and the toy orchard in the center of 
the gardens is in full bearing, but beware! 
these are not what they seem — not edible — 



and as unrelated to real cherries as the Rocky 
Mountain canary is to the Hartz Mountain 
canary albeit the names are similar. 




TBa® LsA Mow 

By ALFRED D. ROBINSON 



ni 




OME one reads these articles, in proof 
whereof this extract is made from a 
letter dated Nov. 21, Hay wards, Cal. 
"In this month's issue of the Cali- 
fornia Garden you speak of Tupidanthus Gali- 
ptratus (Tupi C. for short) I looked it up in 
my Treasury of Botany and find this descrip- 
tion which may interest you. 

"TUPIDANTHUS. A genus of Indian Ar- 
aliacea allied to Plerandra and consisting of 
a woody shrub, which at length becomes 
scandent. The leaves) are large, digitate, with 
entire cariaceous leaflets, and the massive 
umbles of flowers are disposed in short pan- 
icles. Their chief peculiarities consist in the 
coalescence of the calyx lobes and the corolla 
into an arched coriaceous calyptra (giving the 
flowers the appearance of mallets, whence the 
name) the very numerous stamens, the total 
absence of styles, and the very numerous cells 
of the ovary, Tupidanthus Caliptratus forms 
a gigantic climber in its native forests at the 
base of the Khasya Mountains." 

The writer is more than obliged to the kind 
lady who sends this information and passes 
it on because Tupi C. was in danger of becom- 
ing a joke; now it will receive that respectful 
attention which is due anything that is scand- 
ent coriaceous and gigantic and grows mal- 
lets to punish the scoffer. The specimen that 
started this discussion has been carefully in- 
spected with this list of its attributes in mind 
and no scandent tendency can be detected; 
on the contrary, though sixteen feet high, it 
is straight as an arrow and butting its head 
savagely against the lath roof. However, it 
may take the hint and start off at right 
angles when its poll is real sore. It is ad- 
mitted that hitherto suggestions about the 
change in habit from a pole to a climber and 
even the name of this peculiar connection of 
the Plerandra have been regarded with sus- 
picion and with this confession goes an ample 
and humble apology, Tupi C. and its sponsors 
are fully vindicated and its head shall not be 
chopped off — at present. 

Right under T. C. a Lilium elegansi is 
blooming, December 1st. It has evidently 
been upset by this talk about what its big 
neighbor ought or ought not to do and the 



bloom has a scared look as if it would go 
back again if it could. This is not mentioned 
as a discovery of a winter blooming lily, for 
the poor thing is merely rattled, but it is 
hoped that it indicates good intentions upon 
the part of all those lilies put in this patch 
last spring. 

Cinerarias are coming ahead nicely but the 
best promise is from the baby primrose Mala- 
coides and it is only a week ago that this 
variety was pronounced the most satisfactory 
of any in the leading Florists magazines. 

Six of the seven large flowered clematis put 
out a year ago promise well. They are now 
pushing buds, and reflecting that they bloom 
in the east and Europe very early, making 
their growth while the ground is still hard 
with frost, they should be almost winter 
bloomers in this locality. 

The tuberous begonias should all be rip- 
ened up now and they will be safest packed 
in dry sand in a single layer and put where 
no moisture can get at them save by absorp- 
tion from the atmosphere. A perfectly dry 
as dust place is not good as they will shrivel 
up. Recently came to hand a catalogue from 
a firm in England that specializes in these 
plants listing hundreds of named varieties 
with individual tubers as costly as $8, just a 
dozen of good sorts for exhibition $2 9, and so 
on, but how the saliva starts at looking at the 
colored plates and reading about the fringed 
and frilled and hanging basket kinds. Will 
some millionaire give the writer a few hun- 
dred dollars to spend for these lovely things 
and he will grow them in his own lath house 
and let the capitalist come and look at them 
whenever he chooses. 

Don't let things dry out, it takes inches of 
rain to wet in a lath house and your Nephro- 
lepis ferns and lots of others will keep on 
growing. Do it in the morning. 

Keep all dead stuff cut off and picked up 
and let in all the light you can. 

It is quite evident that the Staghorn ferns 
like this season of the year. Remember they 
are native of the Antipodes and are more ac- 
tive now than for months. 

A wonderful lath house is in the air for 
this locality. Pray that it materialises. 



Note the Association Meeting Dates and Places on Page 14 




amd Peckimu 



By THE EARLY BIRD 




VERYBODY will be glad to know that 
P. D. Barnhart is still his most or- 
iginal self and thinking about us 
down in San Diego. I got the letter 
irom which the following is extracted in the 
middle of November and I am willing that 
others should enjoy him as I do. 

''This letter is to let you know that my 
gardeners; one a Scot, the other a Dane 
(Where are those native gardeners? E. B.) 
will be in San Diego to see the big Show Mon- 
day, the 20th, and to see you the next day. I 
have instructed the young fellows to attend 
your Society meeting the evening of the 21st. 
I desire that they spend the evening with you 
and your people, because you are a peculiar 
people; a people who have broken away from 
the traditions of the fathers, and conduct a 
gardeners' meeting in a way that is superior 
to that of any other association whose meet- 
ings it has been my privilege to attend. 

"For two weeks now I have been in better 
health than for a year and if the condition 
continues I shall be able to do a little writing 
for California Garden." 

Well those two foreigners duly arrived and 
gave me the once over and it was good for my 
health, for it let the wind out of my system. 
I never felt the poverty of my garden so 
much. They were charming boys and had 
the enthusiasm of youth, but their extreme 
delight at finding something they could praise 
betrayed their fear that they were not going 
to find it. Fortunately they visited other 
places and came to the meeting in the even- 
ing, and it was a real good one, lots of nice 
folks, a charming hostess and our old war- 
horses at their best invoking the Gods to bless 
the flowers of the earth from the Baby-blue- 
eyes to the COCOS plumosa. 

Of course it might be taking chances, for 
we are not always so well behaved, but would 
it not be a good thing to systematically get 
the strangers within our gates to come to 
these meetings. We might at any rate issue 
invitations and possibly the hotels would be 
willing to display, more or less prominently 
as they might feel, a notice on the date of the 
meeting. If Mr. Barnhart finds us so well 
worth while, why not others? Further, if a 
few choice flowers could be given to such 
visitors it might give them a kindly feeling 
towards San Diego. The Early Bird com- 
mends this idea to the Board of Directors 
in general and the worthy President in par- 
ticular. 

T am peeved beyond endurance almost by 
an Associated Press item in the daily paper 



saying it remained for Mrs, Jinks of War- 
saw, Kansas, to suggest and organize a plant- 
ing of trees along the national boulevard. All 
honor to Mrs. Jinks, though that was not the 
name, but this has been talked and written 
and in a few isolated cases acted upon out 
here in Southern California for years, but 
these few honorable exceptions are so tiny in 
comparison with what should have been done 
that it is not surprising if Timbuctoo gets 
there before we do. Now it is not because 
there is a lack of interest or desire to beau- 
tify our roads, though this may be fairly sus- 
pected, so much as a feeling of despair almost 
when the conditions of climate and soil are 
understood. This discouragement is born ab- 
solutely of the elimination of native growths 
from the list of possible plantings 1 . Why not 
an avenue of Nicotiana glauca, the wild to- 
bacco that will grow anywhere. It is a lovely 
thing and would be much in demand if not 
so common and easy to grow. I have no in- 
tention to give a list here because I want to 
pass along to those lovely bare parkings in 
the middle of El Cajon Boulevard just oppo- 
site the Normal School, where all our visitors 
can see how nice and flat they are. Three 
years ago, or nearly so, the planting of these 
was discussed and the absolutely appropriate 
native live oak and ceanothus with some of 
the other shrubs rejected for fear they would 
be so slow of growth (that was the reason 
given anyhow, though it is not well 
grounded). Now could not those spaces be 
planted to wildflowers right away? Why 
should not the Normal scholars take up this 
matter and raise a fund for the seed, and in- 
terest the folks who live around there? 1 
got switched off to these bald spots, but I 
meant to advocate narrow strips of native 
wildflower plantings at intervals all along 
our main roads, every little community from 
Oceanside down could do something and year 
by year increase it. Supposing one furrow 
were run each side of the road for a mile and 
California Poppy scratched in? Supposing a 
good, big patch were sown in the Torrev 
pinesi? I feel sure the Del Mar people would 
do their share and La Jolla would see the 
point. This is not sentiment, it is good busi- 
ness. It will bring more returns in dollars 
and cents than any other investment of the 
size. The City Farm beyond La Jolla can 
make more for the city by planting wildflow- 
ers along the road through its propertv than 
it can by cropping the whole thing to hay or 
any other crop that will grow there. 



The Garden— Christmas present. 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 

The Rose 



11 



A. D. ROBINSON 




HE article appearing in the San Diego 
Union by Mr. Slack of Balboa Park 
Rose Garden, was very well worth 
while, and should have been cut and 
saved for future and continuous reference, 
and that brings to mind that Superintendent 
Morley says that the beds in this garden are 
to be bordered with some of the new polyan- 
tha roses which are a specialty of Henry Tur- 
ner of Los Angeles, and which will no doubt 
be found in the stock of local nursery folks, 
particularly those who advertise in this mag- 
azine. A specimen spray of one of these little 
chaps was shown at the last Floral meeting 
and the exhibitor and grower had many good 
things to say about its habit. 

It cannot be denied that it is a difficult 
thing to arrange a rose garden to be decora- 
tive in itself as well as the producer of won- 
derful specimen blooms. Many charming va- 
rieties grow with an eccentricity that is the 
despair of the garden housekeeper and most 
of them are like Aaron's rod that leaved and 
bloomed at the end. This very fact makes these 
low, bushy-growing polyanthas invaluable 
to plant in front of the bare limbs' of the elder 
brothers and sisters, and it is by no means 
sure that they would not be equally useful 
placed all over the bed so as to shade all the 
ground. Of course in this latter case the 
sunken bed method of planting as advocated 
last month would be imperative. 

As planting should be done now, the sooner 
the better, because it gives time for root 
growth before the buds begin to push in the 
spring. It seems advisable to go over a few 
varieties that have proven their worth in this 
vicinity and before doing so it should be said 
that here is only an individual opinion and as 
such it is open to correction by the experi- 
ences of others. 

In reds none of the challengers for the 
crown of General McArthur have lived ud to 
the blare of trumpets that heralded their 
coming and in the writer's 1 opinion there is 
no excuse for planting any other rose in this 
color when the General can be had. Frau 
Karl Druschki remains the Queen of the 
Whites, though Kaiserin Augusta Victoria 
may still be planted. The real yellow rose 
that does well is yet to come. The best color 
is in Madame Georges Schwartz, but the lady 
hates to grow here, though she is all gold 
when she smiles. Franz Deepen is good and 
a new one, lona Herman, promises well. The 
pinks are Radiance.. Mrs. George Arends, 
Madame Leon Paine and Lady Ashton. 
Among the apricot and copnery yellows there 
is" the new rose, Los Angeles, Madame 
Edouard Heriot, and by the way, the Mon- 



sieur of this name is the Mayor of the town 
of Lyons, in France, Sunburst and a newer 
one than the last two, Old Gold. A very beau- 
tiful recent introduction is Queen Mary, but 
so far her heart is not in California. 

The object of so much admiration three 
years ago, the Lyon rose, has lost popularity 
because of its disposition to die back, but 
Joseph Hill maintains his hold upon the af- 
fections of all who know him well. 

Papa Gontier should still be given a place 
for his cheerful growth and wonderful spring 
buds. He is a red of almost tsingle bloom, 
and a coppery red called Countess de Cayla, 
of very vigorous growth and most individual 
color, is well worth while and the writer is 
most partial to Souvenir de Stella Gray for 
its rich coppery red streaked buds of no great 
size, but produced freely throughout the year. 

Of course Cecile Bruner, the real Baby 
rose, must be in every garden and its yellow 
companion, Perle D'or, ought to be with it. 

In reading this over, Mrs. Aaron Ward's 
name is missed, and an apology to the lady is 
certainly in order, for she is a good enter- 
tainer and her costume of deep yellow edged 
with white and beautifully crimped is much 
to be admired. Further lots of other good 
things are no doubt omitted, but such omis- 
sion is not a failure to recognize their merit, 
but a lapse of memory and then the writer 
makes no claim to have all the rose elite on 
his calling list. He is talking now to those 
who have no rose calling list at all. 

The question came in lately as to how to 
treat a rose bush that had on its branches a 
small grey scale. At this time of year it is 
best to prune such a bush to two or three 
strong canes and head these well back, burn- 
ing the prunings savagely, as our only Miss 
Sessions would say. This leaves only a small 
area for treatment and it can be quickly cov- 
ered with a strong soapsuds and a fairly stiff 
brush. If this treatment be thorough it is 
most discouraging to any parasite. 

After the pruning roses should be sprayed 
with Bordeaux mixture and there is no excuse 
for not doing this when the dope can be 
bought in small quantities all ready to dilute 
and the multitude of the chicken mite has 
brought a little spray pump within the reach 
Of all. 

S A liberal sprinkling of lime on rose beds is 
strongly recommended and also much man- 
ure after the ground is well wet. Go and 
watch the expenditure of manure in the Park 
rose garden and it will make you think the 
European war an economical process. 

Rose questions are now in order. 




*>B& 



s^** 3 



-gra^r 



By L. A. B LOCH MAN 







HAT is the first and most important 
thing in a (garden? I hear one say 
flowers, another one says soil, still an- 
other one says water, and so on. And 
yet I must answer "wrong" ito all and reply 
"walks." For although one and all of the 
things mentioned are positively essential, yet 
before attending to any one of the others we 
must first of all predetermine our walks. 

Unfortunately, often, too little care and 
thought is given to this very important mat- 
ter. The walks determine the entire land- 
scaping and effect in a garden. The planting 
should be done with a view of the effect it will 
produce to one using the paths. The walks 
determine the size and locations of our plats 
and beds. The position of our border plants 
and shrubs, determine our grading and the 
placing of our accessories, seats and summer 
houses. 

To begin with, our walks should all have a 
definite use and purpose. The first walk to be 
considered is your service entrance. This 
should be the shortest, most direct route from 
your kitchen to the street. No fancy curves 
or furbelows, and if perchance you happen to 
lengthen out your walk, you will find to your 
sorrow and regret that your butcher and your 
baker will insist on taking a short cut across 
your flower bed or your carefully prepared 
kitchen garden and nothing will keep them 
out. 

The rest of your walks of course will de- 
pend a great deal on the other exits from your 
house, and these paths and bypaths may be 
laid out to suit your fancy. One thing to be 
remembered though, is that a walk must lead 
from somewhere to somewhere else. It should 
have a beginning and an ending. A walk 
should never have an abrupt ending. If it be 
necessary to lay out a walk to a distant part of 
the garden and end there, just widen out the 
path into an oval or a circle, place there a 
seat, a little pool, possibly a sun dial or a 
gazing globe or make some objective point to 
serve as an excuse for the walk. 

If possible the walks should be located so 
as to bring into successive view different parts 
or features of the garden. By planting and 
planning so that different parts of the garden 



are brought into view at different times and 
that the same parts are seen from diffrent 
points and vistas, then variety and charm will 
be added and interest kept up as visitors walk 
along your paths and one after another added 
surprises or beauties meet their gaze. If all 
of your garden is seen at a glance, interest 
will lag. This does not mean, however, that 
your garden is to be cut up into little parcels 
or plots, on the contrary, large plots should 
predominate which will give the effect of ex- 
panse and distance and a small garden appear 
several times its size. 

After the location of the walks has been de- 
termined, then they should be staked out and 
a proper grade established. Don't make your 
paths too narrow. Make the narrowest paths 
wide enough for two persons to walk side by 
side comfortably, for you will find that your 
walks will grow narrower rather than wider. 
Border plants will spread and shrubs grow 
to such size that they extend somewhat over 
your walks. 

Then the border should be placed. These 
may be made of almost any material provided 
it is durable and will stand weathering. Wood, 
brick, cobblestones, chips of granite, rock, reg- 
ular or irregular; chunks' of hardpan, and 
even discarded bottles may be used effectively. 
Sometimes only a border of plants is placed to 
define the limits and contour of the walk. But 
a border of some sort is essential. 

If the ground be soft, it should be removed 
and replaced with about three inches of some 
harder material. Broken hardpan, shells, fine 
macadam, pebbles, disintegrated granite, 
crushed brick or terra cotta, gravel, flat 
stones, coal cinders, etc., all make good sur- 
faces and should be tamped solidly. The sur- 
face should be slightly rounded so as to shed 
the water and the lowest portions of the grade 
well drained so as to carry off the flood wa- 
ters. The surface of the walks should be of 
such a nature as to be always dry and free 
from mud or water. On adobe soils an inch 
or two of sand well raked into the soil will 
form a good surface. Garden walks well 
swept and kept free from weeds and leaves 
add more to the neatness and appearance of 
the well kept garden than almost anything 
else. 




CALIFORNIA GARDEN 

December Gardens 



13 



Miss Mary Matthews 




ECEMBER usually gives us many 
good days for work in the garden; it 
is a little chilly to be sure in the early 
hours, but things soon warm up and 
during these warm hours is the time to do 
your irrigating where needed. Bulbs that 
you did not put in last month can go in, 
though it is doubtful if they give as good re- 
sults as those planted earlier. 

All annuals planted now ought to grow 
well if you keep your soil loose and moist. 
Where the ground was not fertilized previous 
to planting, sprinkle bone-meal and a little 
lime over the surface, so that it will be 
worked in gradually. When working over 
your bulb beds with trowel or fork, do not 
leave little depressions around the bulbs, 
rather mound up the soil so that they will 
shed water quickly. Most of the decay of 
bulbs comes from too much moisture. It is 
better to err on the side of dryness. The 
ground should always be a little moist, but 
never soggy. This holds good too with your 
perennials, where the plants are apt to spread 
their lower leaves on the ground. Lift the 
leaves every now and then, loosen the soil, 
leaving it rough, or give a sprinkling of coarse 
sand and lime. This will Tceep away snails 
and slugs which are so apt to destroy the 
plant at the base of the crown. Pot plants, 
or you might say lath-house plants, seem to 
be coming into favor more and more each 
season. Growing these from seed gives a 
wide field to the amateur who has a reason- 
able amount of patience. To start right have 
a soil of equal parts of leaf mold, fine sand 
and rich earth. Fill your flats or boxes with 
this soil to within an inch of the top, wet it 
thoroughly and let it drain before planting. 
Most of the seeds you will want to sow will 
be very fine and should be sown on the sur- 
face of the soil. Put a pane of glass over 
them and cover with newspaper. Never let 
them suffer from moisture, which can be 
given with a very fine spray, or if the box is 
small set it in a pan of tepid water till well 
soaked and give air once a day to keep the 
soil sweet. As soon as the seedlings have 
made two or three leaves prick them off into 
another flat, then as they grown put them 
into small pots and shift into larger as 
needed, keeping them growing right along. 
When a seedling plant spreads its leaves 
beyond the rim of the small pot, it is time to 
provide larger quarters. 

The Impatiens, or Zanzibar balsom, sown 
now will make fine flowering plants for early 
summer. The newer kinds give many beau- 
tiful colors from seed. In shifting, handle 
carefully as the little plants are very brittle. 



Schizanthus, "the poor man's orchid," are 
fine for pot plants. The seeds sprout quickly 
and are easily grown on into blooming size. 
The colors are mostly very delicate. Every 
one admires the Gloxinia, with its large 
leaves and beautiful flowers. Sown now the 
seedlings should be ready for transplanting 
by the middle of January. Keep them grow- 
ing right along, shifting as needed and feed 
them with very weak manure water. Glox- 
inias need rather more heat than others men- 
tioned. 

Coleus can be started in the same way and 
give good results. All the new varieties 
come from seed. For a novelty try some of 
the newer Coleus, "Coleus thrysoides." It 
has large, dull green leaves, no bright color- 
ing and huge branching panicles of pale blue 
flowers. There are many other beautiful 
things that can be grown from seed with a 
little care and patience and afford much more 
pleasure than a single plant of the same 
thing bought from the florist, though many 
prefer not to give the time or cannot. With 
these of course the Florist fills the want. 
December is none too soon to order seeds for 
January and February planting. 

If you have any of the fibrous rooted water- 
loving Iris they should receive attention this 
month. Cut the old bloom stalks out, divide 
the clumps where large and renew the soil. 
The few that I have tried of this class have 
grown and never failed to bloom each sea- 
son, whereas the Japan Iris planted at the 
same time have long since disappeared. I 
saw the other day a large bed of the much 
discussed Iris Germanica which had just been 
transplanted, each clump separated into one 
rank of leaves giving a small part of the 
root to each. The grower thinks in this way, 
with generous treatment through rich soil 
and water, blooms can be gotten from each 
division, and that with us this ought to be 
done each season. It would be well worth 
trying as this variety is so beautiful. 

A good time to plant seeds of any of the 
sweet herbs you may wish to grow. Cuttings 
of Rosemary, Lavender, etc., put in now, 
should commence to grow. Do not neglect 
your sweetpeas. Where they have grown sev- 
eral inches, stake them; the earlier the bet- 
ter. As soon as your Anemones and Ranun- 
culus appear above ground, keep them well 
worked and watered. Catalogues for spring 
of 1917 will begin to come in the last of this 
month. Make out your orders early and 
send them in, in this way you are more apt 
to have them filled satisfactorily than if you 
wait till the rush season is on. 



14 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



The California Garden 

Alfred D. Robinson, Editor 
G. T. Keene, Manager 
Office, 727 E St., San Diego, Cal. 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY BY 

The San Diego Floral Association 

Main Office, Point Loma, California 



OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS 

Stephen Connell, President 

L. A. Blochman, Vice-Pres. and Treasurer 

R. W. Sumner. Secretary 

Miss A. M. Rainford, Miss K. O. Sessions, G. R. Gorton, 

Miss Leila Clough. Mrs. F. D. Waite, L. A. Blochman 

Entered as second-class matter December 8, 1910, at 
the Post office at Point Loma, California, under the Act 
of March 3. 1879. 

California Garden is on the list of publications authorized by the San 
Diego Retail Merchants Association. 



Subscription, $1.00 per year 



ADVERTISING RATES 

One Page $10.00 Half Page, $5.00 

Quarter Page 2.50 Eighth Page 1.50 

Advertising Copy should be in by the 25th of each Month 



Elite Printing Co., 



>727ESt., San Diego 



DECEMBER MEETING 

The December meeting of the Floral Asso- 
ciation will be held at the home of President 
Connell, 1877 Lyndon Road, Mission Hills, 
Tuesday evening, the 19th. The subject for 
discussion will be, "Planting Gardens near the 
Seashore." Take northbound No. 4 cars to 
Hermosa Way and walk south three blocks 
to Lyndon Road. It is quite possible that 
machines will meet the cars. This is the 
Christmas meeting and all interested will be 
welcome. The president and his estimable 
wife should be greeted by a large number of 
the faithful. 



November Regular Meeting 

Secretary Sumner is spending a vacation in 
the "glens country," formerly called "back 
country," therefore he was not present at the 
last regular meeting of the Floral Association, 
and is not here to report it. 

The meeting was held at the home of Miss 
Alice Lee on Seventh street, and, in the opin- 
ion of the Garden reporter, was especially in- 
teresting. In fact, we were very proud of 
Pres. Connell, Miss Session, Mr. Robinson, Mr. 
Morley and Miss Lee, whose learned talks on 
subjects dear to their hearts, contributed to 
an evening of pleasure and profit. 

Pres. Connell told of the excellent prospects 
of the Floral Association being given the cus- 
tody of the model bungalow at the Exposition, 
which would carry with it the responsibility 
of keeping open house to flower lovers. 

Miss Sessions brought numerous specimens 
of shrubs and explained their good qualities, 



and also their bad ones, if they happened to 
have any. Her half hour talk was intensely 
interesting. 

•Mr. Robinson talked on California Wild 
Flowers, with which he is intimately ac- 
quainted punctuating his remarks with bits 
of philosophy of the Robinson brand, and oc- 
casionally emptying a vial of wrath on the 
mule and scraper which have done so much to 
exterminate the wildflower. 

John Morley, Park Superintendent, cor- 
roborated the remarks of the others by giving 
specific instances of where this tree or that 
shrub could be seen growing, and making sug- 
gestions as to methods of treatment. 

Miss Alice Lee gave a brief outline of the 
hopes and ambitions of the San Diego Museum 
Association, which has undertaken a big work 
for the good of San Diego, and which is about 
to start an active campaign for members. 

Some northern gardeners were present at 
the meeting and seemed deeply interested in 
the spirited talks, and the Garden takes this 
opportunity of repeating that these meetings 
are always open to those who are interested 
in plants and flowers, and particularly to the 
strangers within our gates. 




Caliana Canyon 

AM often drawn by the lure of the 
place to that part of Balboa Park 
that still retains much of its pre- 
discovered, pre-improved appear- 
ance. My special haunt is the canyon that 
branches from and parallels the large open 
canyon that lies just back of the Expo. 

This canyon runs north to the north bound- 
ary of the park, where it broadens out into 
quite a little valley, in which Park Villa 
tract is located. This particular canyon I 
have named Caliana Canyon. This by rea- 
son of first discovery and exploration — just 
kinda kiden — having found plenty bare tracks 
and numerous other tracks, but no man's 
tracks. The name was suggested by the fact 
that there were so many of my native hoosier 
state's indigenous growths commingling with 
the native growths found in the park. 

I might have been justified in naming mv 
canyon Tndia-fornia, thus giving my native 
state precedure, but fealty to my adopted 
state dictates the former. Besides, I am re- 
serving it for future use. 

Here I find the sycamore tree growing quite 
numerously, also those little pests known to 
me as "cockle-burs" and "sour-dock." Here 
they are found growing along the banks of a 
little stream that runs through the canyon. 
The sour-dock is an ever reminder of the 
days when as a bare-foot boy we were dele- 
gated to the humble, albeit, important task of 
gather in the spring's mess of "greens." Dan- 
delion and sour-dock leaves were component 
parts of all such concoctions in those days. 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



15 



But, speaking of cockle-burs, did you ever 
have any very intimate association with them? 
Did you ever sally forth on a warm evening 
in the autumn time, in fly time, to milk the 
lowing kine when the old heifer was in an 
animated combat with the flies with a tail 
full of burs? Some "big stick." Perhaps 
you never essayed the task of "disengaging" 
thos C.-b's from the caudal appendage of your 
most likely looking and most sprightly step- 
ping plow nag, on a Sunday when you were 
expected at "her" home, that evening. It 
was some "tale to unfold?" 

On the walls of my little "denum denorium" 
there hangs a number of sycamore balls pur- 
loined from the public park. They are pleas- 
ant reminders of boyhood school days; of the 
large solitary sycamore tree that loomed so 
majestically beside the roadway, just over the 
fence in "Uncle Jim's west eighty." When 
passing to and from school we would gather 
those beautiful balls. In the springtime they 
would open and take wing and float away on 
their airy voyagings. This old sycamore was 
not only a land-mark of the neighborhood 
then, but it is still a land-mark in the mem- 
ory of the days of long ago: 

Gone is the tree, yet to me 

It shall be in memory, 

A living, growing, graceful tree. 

(This is not spring poetry, Mr. Editor, al- 
though it does spring from a grateful mem- 
ory.) 

Had some wiseacre, in those days, have 
told me that this beautiful old tree was a 
"Platamus racemosa," or words to that ef- 
fect, I should have been appalled at the in- 
formation; incredulous, and skeptical as to 
his sanity. Have only recently learned that 
such is a fact — awful ignorant — some folks? 
and a handicap to associating with people 
botanically wise. 

Nevertheless, one may get much pleasure 
from associating with the growing things un- 
der common names or no names at all. You 
recall what is said of the rose's odor? I 
fear I am without the pale of the few whom 
Confucius says, can "distinguish flowers." 

This article is drafted out in the open, in 
the quietude of Caliana Canyon, while the 
quail pipes his evening notes. 

I am about to witness a beautiful sunset 
from its depths, over its western brow. Half 
an hour later I shall go up and witness a 
second setting over Point Loma. The shad- 
ows are darkening the western slopes, the 
dusky sky-line is forming over the chaparral 
growths along its summit; musical notes are 
wafted over the brow from some Expo, con- 
cession tuning up for the evening revelry. 
The October air is growing chill as it stirs 
down the canyon from above, and I betake 
me home, with a feeling of reverence and 



gratitude for the pleasures found here in this 
little fissure in this great big world. 

F. C, ARTEiR. 




Federal Farm Loans 

HE Federal Farm Loan Board an- 
nounces that the blank form of ar- 
ticles of association to be used in 
forming National Farm Loan Asso- 
ciations has been printed and is now ready for 
distribution. 

If interested persons will address a letter 
to the Federal Farm Loan Board, Treasury 
Department, Washington, D. C, these articles 
of association will be sent. When they reach 
you, call a meeting of the prospective mem- 
bers of your association, adopt these articles, 
and have each member sign them and ac- 
knowledge them. Fill in the blank space at 
the top the name your association adopts. 

Then, at your first meeting, elect a board 
of five or more directors and have the direc- 
tors meet and elect a president, a vice-presi- 
dent, a isecretary-treaeurer, and a loan com- 
mittee of three members. The loan commit- 
tee may begin at once to value the lands of 
the members and prepare its written report 
of these valuations, which must be unani- 
mous. 

Do not send the signed articles of associ- 
ation to Washington, but hold them until the 
Federal land bank of your district is located. 
Then, write to the bank asking for forms 
which include an application for a charter. 
When these come, fill them out and send 
them, together with the articles' of associa- 
tion and the report of the loan committee, 
to your Federal land bank. 

Washington, Nov. 29. — The Federal Farm 
Loan Board has returned to Washington after 
completing its investigation in every State in 
the Union. In its effort to find out at first- 
hand the farm loan needs of the farmers of 
the United States, the Board traveled 2 0,000 
miles, held fifty hearings, and took testimony 
from hundreds of farmers direct. The testi- 
mony showed that farmers have been re- 
quired to pay exhorbitant rates of interest and 
unnecessary commissions and have been la- 
boring under the handicap of too short loans. 

The members of the Board today began 
making a digest of the great mass of testi- 
mony taken at these hearings, and within 
twenty days they expect to be able to an- 
nounce the boundaries of the 12 Federal land 
bank districts and the cities in which these 
banks will be located. 

After these banks are located their stock 
will remain open for public subscription for 
a period of thirty days, after which the Gov- 
ernment will buy all the remaining stock. 



16 



CALIFORNIA GARDEN 



The banks will then be ready to lend money 
for agricultural purposes. 

That the farmers of the United States are 
ready to take advantage of these banks as 
soon as they are in operation is indicated by 
the fact that more than 2 00,000 communica- 
tions seeking, detailed information have been 
sent to the Farm Loan Board by farmers. 



The Mysterious Mistletoe 

Continued from Page J 

Our Xmas mistletoes are the P. villosum (a 
type of the Eastern P. flavecens) , which is 
found on our oaks, manzanitas, Cottonwood, 
and willows, and P. macrophyllum, found on 
the sycamores, alders, ash, California wal- 
nut and willow. 

Others are, P. Libocedri (leafless), found 
on the incense cedar, Cuyamaca mountains; 
P. panciflorum on white fir and cypress, Cuy- 
amaca mountains; P. densum on the junipers, 
Jacumba; the foliage and stems of this mis- 
tletoe are a golden-brown which contrast 
beautifully with the dark green leaves and 
silvery berries of the juniper; a leafless form 
P, ligatum, also found on the junipers, and 
P. californicum found on mesquite, Moun- 
tain Springs. This last named mistletoe is 
also found on the "cat claw", "screw bean" 
and "palo verde." I have seen mesquite so 
loaded with it that leaves of the host were 
hardly visible. It is a leafless variety, the 
stems a light green, the flowers yellowish- 
green, very fragrant, fruit waxy "like rosy 
pearls paling to a delicate cream color." Saun- 
ders, telling of one of his desert trips, says: 
"A faint fragrance like tuberose fills the air 
— the perfume from millions of tiny blossoms 
of a leafless mistletoe that makes witches 
brooms in the mesquite." 

Of the Razamofskyas we have, R. campyl- 
opoda on the yellow and Jeffery pines, and 
R. occidentalis on the white fir and yellow 
pine. 

Altogether San Diego county is quite well 
represented with members of this family of 
interesting and mysterious shrubs. 




V 



N 



Our Lack of 
"Pep" 




FELLOW who takes Cal- 
ifornia Garden to read 
this ad complains that of 
late the matter therein has lacked 
"pep". We were feeling mighty 
discouraged and had almost de- 
cided to quit and let you fool 
along with your darned Leghorns 
and other chickens when in the 
Daily papers we saw that one 
Champ Clark said to knock the 
high cost of living by keeping a 
few laying hens, and further re- 
marked upon the foolishness of 
those who did not. Now we don't 
know of what this Clark is Champ 
but it must be something quite 
the fashion just now or the papers 
would not notice him when he 
went off about mere hens. Any 
way he is not the Champ Barred 
Rock breeder. You know who 
that is. But perhaps you may be 
acquainted with this chap Clark 
and know all about his Champing 
and will be willing to take his say 
so and send to us and get those 
laying hens that will prove your 
salvation. Do your shopping 
early and avoid the Christmas 
rush 



Rosecroft 
Barred Rock Yards 

Point Loma, California 
Alfred D. Robinson, Proprietor